Introducing solid foods is a significant achievement for babies, but it may also be overwhelming for parents and caregivers. As with all aspects of parenting, there are many different approaches to introducing solids. At Montessori Academy, we believe in fostering independence and respecting the child’s needs and abilities. This blog will provide a step-by-step guide to introducing solid foods for babies, focusing on Montessori principles.

When to Start Introducing Solids

 For the initial six months of their lives, babies only need breastmilk or infant formula. It is recommended to gradually introduce solid foods alongside breast milk or formula around six months, but not before four months. Nevertheless, it is crucial to understand that each baby is distinct and may be prepared to begin consuming solids at varying times.

Indicators that a baby is ready to commence solid foods consist of: 

  • Sitting upright with support
  • Being able to hold their head up on their own
  • Showing interest in food
  • Opening their mouth as you offer them a spoon

The Best Texture to Introduce Foods

 Start introducing solids with small amounts and ensure the food is very soft, such as pureed or steamed vegetables and fruits. Gradually increase the amount and texture of the food as your baby becomes more comfortable. Although your infant may not have teeth for grinding and chewing their food, they are still able to chew soft foods with their gums. As they mature, they can consume foods with greater consistency. The act of chewing is also beneficial for jaw and speech development.

Montessori Principles and Introducing Solids

At Montessori Academy, we believe in fostering independence and respecting the child’s needs and abilities. This means we encourage children to take ownership of their learning and development and respect their choices and interests. These principles can be applied when introducing solids by allowing the baby to explore and interact with their food. Offer the baby a spoon and let them practice feeding themselves. This can help to develop fine motor skills and encourage independence.

Step-by-Step Guide to Introducing Solids

  1. Start with pureed or cooked fruits and vegetables, and make sure to also include iron-rich foods such as spinach, sweet potatoes, peas, iron-fortified infant cereals, minced meat, poultry, and fish, cooked and mashed eggs, and cooked tofu and legumes.
  2. To prepare the food, it is necessary to cook it until it reaches a soft texture. Offer a small amount of the puree on a spoon and allow the baby to explore and taste the food.
  3. Gradually increase the amount of food and the texture as the baby becomes more comfortable.
  4. If your baby is over six months old, you can provide cooled, boiled water in a cup at mealtimes and in-between.
  5. Avoid adding salt and sugar to your baby’s food.
  6. Be patient and allow your child to explore at their own pace. Some babies may take longer to adjust to solids than others.

Tips for Introducing Solids

 Introducing solids can be a messy and frustrating process, but some tips can help make it easier:

  1. Be patient: Babies may take several tries to accept a new food.
  2. Offer a variety of foods: Introducing various fruits and vegetables can help develop a taste for different flavours.
  3. Let the baby lead: Allow them to explore and interact with their food and let them decide when they’re full.
  4. Stay relaxed: Babies can sense when you’re anxious or frustrated, so staying calm and upbeat during mealtimes is essential.


 At Montessori Academy, fostering independence and respecting the child’s individual needs and abilities is essential. Parents and caregivers can encourage fine motor skills and independence by allowing babies to explore and interact with their food. Offering a variety of healthy and nutritious foods helps develop a taste for different flavours and textures. Gradually introducing solid foods is essential, as babies may need to adjust. Patience, relaxation, and allowing babies to lead during mealtimes create a stress-free environment that fosters healthy eating habits and independence. Following Montessori-inspired tips and guidelines can make the process easier, ensuring a positive and healthy relationship with food that can last a lifetime.